Assessing the chemical and biological diversity of an ion channels knowledge database

publication · 8 years ago
by Ismail Ijjaali, Fran├žois Petitet, Elodie Dubus, Emmanuel Bourinet (Aureus Pharma)
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The aim of the present work is to assess the chemical and biological diversity of ligands reported in scientific articles or patents to be active against ion channels targets. A specific query of the AurSCOPE Ion Channel knowledge database was constructed to retrieve a set of the most active non-peptide ligands tested in binding or electrophysiology experiments against all ion channel families. A biological activity threshold cutoff expressed by K-i, IC50, or EC50 was set to 300 nM. This activity cutoff was selected such that we would retrieve a set of compounds, which contain the most active ligands for all target families, but is a reasonable number to analyze. To encode the chemical space for the entire active dataset ( 9897 molecules), ChemAxon's chemical fingerprints were computed and optimized and then employed to cluster the dataset at a variety of different similarity thresholds. Concurrently, the exploration of the biological space was performed by associating with each chemical cluster the corresponding target or target family. Tri-dimensional visualization of different voltage- and ligand-gated ion channel families projected into the active chemical space was obtained after a principal components analysis performed using selected molecular descriptors. The findings presented herein give a global picture of the realm of ion channels active ligands and link the knowledge on chemical structures with their respective biological activities.
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