Structure-activity relationship of uniconazole, a potent inhibitor of ABA 8'-hydroxylase, with a focus on hydrophilic functional groups and conformation

publication · 10 years ago
by Yasushi Todoroki, Kyotaro Kobayashi, Hidetaka Yoneyama, Saori Hiramatsu, Mei Jin-Hong, Bunta Watanabe, Masaharu Mizutani, Nobuhiro Hirai (Shizuoka University)
The plant growth retardant S-(+)-uniconazole (UNI-OH) is a strong inhibitor of abscisic acid (ABA) 8′-hydroxylase, a key enzyme in the catabolism of ABA, a plant hormone involved in stress tolerance, stomatal closure, flowering, seed dormancy, and other physiological events. In the present study, we focused on the two polar sites of UNI-OH and synthesized 3- and 2″-modified analogs. Conformational analysis and an in vitro enzyme inhibition assay yielded new findings on the structure–activity relationship of UNI-OH: (1) by substituting imidazole for triazole, which increases affinity to heme iron, we identified a more potent compound, IMI-OH; (2) the polar group at the 3-position increases affinity for the active site by electrostatic or hydrogen-bonding interactions; (3) the conformer preference for a polar environment partially contributes to affinity for the active site. These findings should be useful for designing potent azole-containing specific inhibitors of ABA 8′-hydroxylase.
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