Computational structure-activity study directs synthesis of novel antitumor enkephalin analogs

publication · 9 years ago
by Matija Gredicak, Fran Supek, Marieta Kralj, Zsuzsa Majer, Miklós Hollósi, Tomislav Smuc, Mlinaric- Kata Majerski, Stefica Horvat (Ruder Boskovic Institute)
The capability of a Support Vector Machines QSAR model to predict the antiproliferative ability of small peptides was evaluated by screening a virtual library of enkephalin-like analogs modified by incorporation of the (R,S)-(1-adamantyl)glycine (Aaa) residue. From an initial set of 390 compounds, the peptides, Tyr-Aaa-Gly-Phe-Met (2), Tyr-Aaa-Gly-Phe-Phe (3), Phe-Aaa-Gly-Phe-Phe (4) and Phe-Aaa-Gly-Phe-Met (5) were selected, synthesized and their antitumor activity was tested and compared to that of Met-enkephalin (1). The antiproliferative activity correlated with the computational prediction and with the foldamer-forming ability of the studied peptides. The most active compounds were the hydrophobic peptides, Phe-Aaa-Gly-Phe-Phe (4) and Phe-Aaa-Gly-Phe-Met (5), having a greater propensity to adopt folded structures than the other peptides.
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