Sorption and degradation in soils of veterinary ionophore antibiotics: monensin and lasalocid

publication · 9 years ago
by Linda S. Lee, Stephen A. Sassman (Purdue University)
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Monensin and lasalocid are polyether ionophores commonly used in the beef and poultry industries for the prevention of coccidial infections and promotion of growth. These ionophores can exhibit higher toxicity than many other antibiotics; thus, evaluating their fate in the environments associated with concentrated feed operations is important. Sorption of monensin and lasalocid was measured in eight soils of varying physiochemical composition. Organic carbon-normalized sorption coefficients (log Koc) ranged from 2.1 to 3.8 for monensin and from 2.9 to 4.2 for lasalocid and were inversely correlated to equilibrium soil-solution pH. Degradation of lasalocid and monensin in two contrasting soils with and without manure amendment was measured in moist soils at 23 degrees C and 0.03 MPa moisture potential. The half-life of both compounds in the fresh nonsterile soils was less than 4 d, for which monensin degraded slightly faster than lasalocid. Fresh liquid manure amendments did not significantly alter degradation of either compound. Based on parallel 60Co-sterilized soil experiments, some abiotic degradation of monensin was apparent, whereas lasalocid only degraded in the presence of microbes. Analysis of beef-derived lagoon effluent used for irrigation confirmed that monensin can be present at low-ppb to low-ppm concentrations in the aqueous and suspended solids fractions, respectively; however, subsequent analysis of drainage water in a nearby ditch suggested that attenuation by soil after land application will greatly reduce the amount entering surface waters.
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