Substructure Mining of GPCR Ligands Reveals Activity-Class Specific Functional Groups in an Unbiased Manner

publication · 8 years ago
by Eelke van der Horst, Yasushi Okuno, Andreas Bender, Adriaan P. IJzerman (Leiden University)
In this study, we conducted frequent substructure mining to identify structural features that discriminate between ligands that do bind to G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and those that do not. In most cases, particular chemical representations resulted in the most significant substructures. Substructures found to be characteristic for the background control set reflected reactions that may have been used to construct this library, e.g. for the ChemBridge DIVERSet library employed these are ester and carboxamide moieties. Alkane amine substructures were identified as most important for GPCR ligands, e.g. the butylamine substructure, often linked to an aromatic system. Hierarchical analysis of targeted GPCRs revealed well-known motives and new substructural features. One example is the imidazole-like substructure common for the histamine binding receptor ligands. Another example is the planar ring system consisting of a fused five- and six-membered ring (indole-like substucture) common for the serotonin receptor ligands.
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